## Floating point numbersFloating point numbers (also known as "floats", "doubles", or "real numbers") can be specified using any of the following syntaxes: ```
<?php
``` Formally: LNUM [0-9]+ DNUM ([0-9]*[\.]{LNUM}) | ({LNUM}[\.][0-9]*) EXPONENT_DNUM [+-]?(({LNUM} | {DNUM}) [eE][+-]? {LNUM}) The size of a float is platform-dependent, although a maximum of ~1.8e308 with a precision of roughly 14 decimal digits is a common value (the 64 bit IEEE format). Warning
## Floating point precisionFloating point numbers have limited precision. Although it depends on the system, PHP typically uses the IEEE 754 double precision format, which will give a maximum relative error due to rounding in the order of 1.11e-16. Non elementary arithmetic operations may give larger errors, and, of course, error propagation must be considered when several operations are compounded.
Additionally, rational numbers that are exactly representable as floating
point numbers in base 10, like So never trust floating number results to the last digit, and do not compare floating point numbers directly for equality. If higher precision is necessary, the arbitrary precision math functions and gmp functions are available. For a "simple" explanation, see the » floating point guide that's also titled "Why donâ€™t my numbers add up?" ## Converting to floatFor information on converting strings to float, see String conversion to numbers. For values of other types, the conversion is performed by converting the value to integer first and then to float. See Converting to integer for more information. As of PHP 5, a notice is thrown if an object is converted to float. ## Comparing floatsAs noted in the warning above, testing floating point values for equality is problematic, due to the way that they are represented internally. However, there are ways to make comparisons of floating point values that work around these limitations. To test floating point values for equality, an upper bound on the relative error due to rounding is used. This value is known as the machine epsilon, or unit roundoff, and is the smallest acceptable difference in calculations.
```
<?php
``` ## NaN
Some numeric operations can result in a value represented by the constant
.
`FALSE`
Because should not be compared to other values, including
itself, and instead should be checked for using is_nan.
`NAN` |